Mental health includes emotional stability, the joy to live and good interpersonal relationships. Common mental problems of elders include :
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Retain social ties and participate actively in community
Continue to contribute
Maintain financial independence
|Stress in the Elderly
Stress is a normal part of life. It has both negative and positive sides to it. Stress can provide us with the motivation needed for enhancement of work efficiency and performance. However, chronic and/or excessive stress will adversely affect our physical, mental and social well-being. Therefore, stress management is essential to our health.
|Coping with Chronic Illness
In Hong Kong, over 70% of elders suffer from one or more chronic illness(es). Chronic illnesses can create stress in elders and the carers, both physically and psychologically.
Anger is an emotion, so natural that there is no right or wrong in itself. However, like other feelings, anger can elicit behavior, which can be distinguished between right or wrong, rational or irrational. Sustained angry feeling would be detrimental not only to our physical and psychosocial health, but also to familial and societal harmony.
A sharp increase in suicide rate was found among the group aged 75 or over. Males aged 75 or above (especially those who are never married), suffering from chronic illnesses and/ or mental illnesses like depression are some of the risk factors for elderly suicide. As most suicide is closely related depression, prevention of suicide is by early detection and treatment of depression.
|Understanding Addictive Behaviour
Addictive behaviour can be defined as behaviour that is obsessive and/or compulsive with risk of devastating consequences. Addictive behaviours such as problem gambling, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, internet addiction, compulsive shopping are as damaging as a raging storm. Some elders are highly burdened mentally and financially by family members' addictive behaviour and subsequently their well-being suffers.
|Bereavement: Managing Loss and Grief
Death is probably the most difficult separation in life. And yet every one of us has to face it sooner or later. Even though our deceased loved ones are like kites that fly away from us, the strings of the kites are not broken. The connection with our loved ones will not end after their death. Through the strings of the kites, let us tell our loved ones that we are learning to adapt to the separation and coping with grief, and send our memories and blessings to them from afar.
Many elderly believe they have sleep problems. They worry that they are not getting enough sleep. A better understanding about sleep can help alleviate this anxiety.
|Stress management for middle-aged women
Women nowadays play multiple roles, both in their career and families. According to overseas research, women between 40-60 years old are most stressful compared with other age groups. Chronic stress is not just detrimental to physical health, but can also trigger mood disorders. Early identification and management of the sources of stress together with improvement in lifestyle practices would enable middle-aged women to face the different challenges in life and avoid burn-out.
While we all have a longing for happiness, some people feel that it is difficult to achieve. Indeed, happiness does not just fall from the sky, but is the fruit of persistence and hard work. To nourish happiness in life, not only should we seek to enjoy pleasant day-to-day experiences, but also to cultivate a sense of contentedness, and to find meaning in living up to our values.
|Pre-crisis Psychological Management: Building Resilience
Learn how to handle life challenges ahead of time. With preparation, you may even be able to turn crises into opportunities to grow and thrive. Just as you would workout physically to boost your immune system, you also need to strengthen your mental fitness in order to build up resilience and be able to cope with life adversities.