Mental health includes emotional stability, the joy to live and good interpersonal relationships. Common mental problems of elders include :
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Retain social ties and participate actively in community
Continue to contribute
Maintain financial independence
|Stress in the Elderly
Stress is a normal part of life. It has both negative and positive sides to it. Stress can provide us with the motivation needed for enhancement of work efficiency and performance. However, chronic and/or excessive stress will adversely affect our physical, mental and social well-being. Therefore, stress management is essential to our health.
|Coping with Chronic Illness
In Hong Kong, over 70% of elders suffer from one or more chronic illness(es). Chronic illnesses can create stress in elders and the carers, both physically and psychologically.
Anger is an emotion, so natural that there is no right or wrong in itself. However, like other feelings, anger can elicit behavior, which can be distinguished between right or wrong, rational or irrational. Sustained angry feeling would be detrimental not only to our physical and psychosocial health, but also to familial and societal harmony.
A sharp increase in suicide rate was found among the group aged 75 or over. Males aged 75 or above (especially those who are never married), suffering from chronic illnesses and/ or mental illnesses like depression are some of the risk factors for elderly suicide. As most suicide is closely related depression, prevention of suicide is by early detection and treatment of depression.
|Understanding Addictive Behaviour
Addictive behaviour can be defined as behaviour that is obsessive and/or compulsive with risk of devastating consequences. Addictive behaviours such as problem gambling, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, internet addiction, compulsive shopping are as damaging as a raging storm. Some elders are highly burdened mentally and financially by family members' addictive behaviour and subsequently their well-being suffers.
|Bereavement: Managing Loss and Grief
Birth and death are natural events in life. In the grieving process, it is critical to accept the reality and be open to the changes that the loss of a loved one brings. Being aware of the psychological reactions after the loss might also help us overcome the grief and adjust to the new life ahead.
Many elderly believe they have sleep problems. They worry that they are not getting enough sleep. A better understanding about sleep can help alleviate this anxiety.
|Stress management for middle-aged women
Women nowadays play multiple roles, both in their career and families. According to overseas research, women between 40-60 years old are most stressful compared with other age groups. Chronic stress is not just detrimental to physical health, but can also trigger mood disorders. Early identification and management of the sources of stress together with improvement in lifestyle practices would enable middle-aged women to face the different challenges in life and avoid burn-out.